Jean-Michel Six is Standard & Poor's Chief European Economist, based in Paris. He held a series of positions for Standard & Poor's economic and financial information division, DRI (Data Resources) between 1982 and 1997, both in Europe and in the US, including Chief Economist and Managing Director. He left Standard & Poor's in 1997 to help found Global Partners, Inc., a US-based consulting firm. Mr. Six rejoined Standard & Poor's at the beginning of 2005 in New York and subsequently moved back to Europe. Jean-Michel has been a member of the European Central Bank's Shadow Council since 2006. Mr. Six holds a PhD in Economics from the University of Paris.